Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)
The Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme is the International Fund for Agricultural Development’s (IFAD) main programme for channelling climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers. The programme is incorporated into IFAD’s regular investment processes and is subject to rigorous quality control and supervision systems. Since starting its operations in 2012, ASAP funding in two distinct phases (ASAP1 and ASAP2) has received USD 300 million in contributions and has helped eight million vulnerable smallholders in 43 countries cope with the impact of climate change and build more resilient livelihoods. A next phase (Enhanced Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme, ASAP+) is under development.
|Name of the Fund||Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)|
|Official Fund Website||https://www.ifad.org/en/asap
|Proposed Life of Fund||The operation of ASAP is divided into several phases:
ASAP 1: 2012-2017
|Objectives||ASAP’s objectives are to channel climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers, scale up climate change adaptation in rural development programmes and mainstream climate adaptation into IFAD’s work.
At a global level, ASAP has established targets for greenhouse gas emission reductions: the 2020 target impact is to avoid and/or sequester 80 million tonnes of GHG emissions.
As the programme has been designed and operationalised as an adaptation programme, only a very small number of projects is committing to greenhouse gas emission targets. Instead, the focus of most investment designs is on resilient agricultural production. Consequently, the mitigation benefits of ASAP need to be assessed as a side-benefit of adaptation investments and determined through an ex-post assessment.
|Financial inputs and fund size||ASAP has received USD 300 million in grant support from 2012 to 2017. The 10 contributor countries are:
The second phase of ASAP has been financed by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (USD 9.5 million) and the Swedish International Development Agency (USD 5.9 million). The overall target for the ASAP2 Trust Fund is USD 100 million.
The degree to which those financial inputs are official development assistance (ODA) is unknown.
An Enhanced Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP+) to apply lessons learned from the first two ASAP phases has been proposed in 2020 with a finance mobilisation target of USD 500 million. The governments of Qatar, Austria, Ireland and Germany are initial contributors to ASAP+.
|Activities Supported||The activities supported in ASAP1 and ASAP 2 include:
|Secretariat or Administrative Unit||ASAP is incorporated into IFAD’s regular investment processes. The Programme Management Department is the administrative unit responsible for coordinating and overseeing ASAP programmes.
IFAD’s organigramme can be found at: https://www.ifad.org/documents/organigramme
|Trustee||IFAD is the permanent trustee.|
Fund Finance and Access Modalities
|Conditions and Eligibility Requirements||Country eligibility is established by the IFAD Programme Management Department and follows regular IFAD procedure and policy for grant financing. The eligibility for ASAP financing goes beyond ODA eligible countries, but recipient countries are restricted to IFAD developing Member States (https://webapps.ifad.org/ipaft/countries?lang=en).|
|Accessing the Fund||
|Safeguards, Gender and Indigenous Peoples||
|Decision Making Structure||
|Participation of Observers and Stakeholders||IFAD has specific requirements with regards to stakeholder participation, such as mandating projects to review issues of gender and indigenous people. ASAP-supported projects are generally focused on supporting community-based groups, such as farmer associations, local cooperatives, village councils, women’s groups or water user groups, in building their adaptive capacity. These groups are engaged routinely during and after the project design processes.
In September 2019, IFAD adopted a framework for operational feedback from stakeholders. This framework aims to ensure that “key stakeholders’ needs, priorities and feedback are better heard and taken into account by IFAD and governments in the formulation, implementation, assessment and evaluation of national programmes for sustainable rural transformation”. At the country level, the Frameworks aims to strengthen the participation and feedback by stakeholders during the key stages of the COSOP cycle and through the IFAD stakeholder survey. At the project level, the Framework reinforces the role of target populations’ participation and feedback in choosing, designing and regularly monitoring IFAD’s programmes.
|Transparency and Information Disclosure||In accordance with IFAD Policy on the Disclosure of Documents, all documents presented and discussed at Executive Board meetings are accessible to the public over the Internet.
The combined pledges and contributions made to the Fund as well as information about individual projects are available through IFAD annual reports.
|Other Issues Raised|