The MDG Achievement Fund (MDG-F) was established by the Government of Spain and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to accelerate efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals. Environment and Climate Change was one of eight thematic areas supported by the MDG-F. The objective of this part of the fund was to help reduce poverty and vulnerability in eligible countries by supporting interventions that improved environmental management and service delivery at the national and local level, increased access to new financing mechanisms and enhanced capacity to adapt to climate change. The MDG-F is no longer active.
|Name of the Fund||MDG Achievement Fund – Environment and Climate Change thematic window (MDG-F).|
|Official Fund Website||www.mdgfund.org/|
|Proposed Life of Fund||There was no new funding reported after 2010. The fund made disbursements against already approved amounts until 2013. As of May 2019, all refunds had been received and all projects had been financially closed.|
|Objectives||The MDG-Fund supported national efforts to achieve Millennium Development Goals. Environment and Climate Change was one of eight thematic areas supported by the MDG-F. The objective of this thematic window was to help reduce poverty and vulnerability in eligible countries by supporting interventions that improved environmental management and service delivery at the national and local level, increased access to new financing mechanisms and enhanced capacity to adapt to climate change. An assessment report of the achievements of the Fund for the Environment and Climate Change area is available here.|
|Financial inputs and fund size||The MDG-F overall was funded with nearly USD 900 million disbursed for 130 programmes in 50 countries across eight thematic area. The Environment and Climate Change Window had a total funded amount of USD 89.5 million. Spain was the only contributing country.
Funding was ODA. All funds were additional to existing Spanish bilateral aid.
|Activities Supported||The Fund supported four priority areas:
|Secretariat or Administrative Unit||The MDG Achievement Fund Secretariat represented the link between the Steering Committee and participating countries. It administered and managed funds approved by the MDG-F Steering Committee for country-level joint programmes. It also consolidated financial and narrative progress reports, guaranteed transparent processes, established criteria with the Technical Subcommittees and improved the quality of Joint Programme formulation.|
|Trustee||The UNDP Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) was the permanent trustee.|
Fund Finance and Access Modalities
|Conditions and Eligibility Requirements||59 countries identified by the Spanish Master Plan for International Cooperation (2005-2008), and approved by the Government and Parliament of Spain were eligible to apply for assistance from the Fund. Country eligibility was therefore defined by the Government of Spain’s ODA policy.
Africa: Angola, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal and South Africa.
Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela
Arab States: Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Territories, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia.
Europe: and CIS Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo (UN administered province), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey.
Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Timor-Leste, Philippines and Vietnam.
|Accessing the Fund||
|Safeguards, Gender and Indigenous Peoples||
|Decision Making Structure||The MDG-F Governance had a structure at both the global and the national level.
The MDG-F Steering Committee was contributor-driven and comprised a representative of UNDP and the Government of Spain. It set the strategic direction, decided on financial allocations and, monitored delivery and progress.
The Technical Subcommittees were responsible for coordinating the review of proposals for funding submitted to the MDG-F and provided technical and policy advice to the Steering Committee. These committees were formed by 10 to 12 UN and independent appointed experts.
The UN Resident Coordinator was responsible for providing ongoing oversight to the joint programme(s) at the national level and facilitated the monitoring and evaluation of MDG-F activities in conformity with UN standards. The National Steering Committee (NSC) provided oversight and strategic guidance and approved Joint Programme Document(s), work plans and budgets submission to the Steering Committee. The NSC was composed of non-implementing parties to allow for independence and included a representative of the government and a representative from Government of Spain. The NSC met twice a year and made decisions by consensus. The Project Management Committee (PMC) also provided operational coordination. It was composed of representatives from implementing Participating UN Organisations and relevant government counterparts.
|Accountability Mechanisms||The MDG-F process of monitoring and evaluation mandated for the participating UN Organisation in receipt of MDG-F resources to provide:
The MDG-F’s monitoring and evaluation strategy was set out in the MDG Achievement Fund Monitoring and Evaluation Policy and Strategy document.
In addition, the MDG Achievement Fund Secretariat monitoring and evaluation unit was responsible for compiling and diffusing the thematic window development results. The evaluation was mainly based on the information provided by the UN country offices and programmes coordinators and was made available on the MDG-F website.
|Participation of Observers and Stakeholders||The joint programmes were elaborated in consultation with key non-government players that were active in the specific thematic area. Non-government entities such as NGOs, civil society coalitions, think tanks, academic institutions, and the private sector were also integral partners of programme implementation. Once the programme was under implementation, the National Steering Committee co-chairs regularly invited representatives of civil society and other observers.|
|Transparency and Information Disclosure||The UNDP’s Information Disclosure Policy applied.
Both donor contributions and fund disbursement are reported on the MPTF Office Gateway: http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/MDG00
Details on individual projects are available at: http://www.mdgfund.org/content/environmentandclimatechange
|Other Issues Raised|