The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) is a targeted programme of the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), which is one of two funds under the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) framework.
The PPCR aims to pilot and demonstrate ways in which climate risk and resilience may be integrated into core development planning and implementation by providing incentives for scaled-up action and initiating transformational change in participating pilot countries.
|Name of the Fund||Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)|
|Official Fund Website||https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/topics/climate-resilience|
|Proposed Life of Fund||The PPCR is subject to the CIF ‘sunset clause’ which proposes the closure of the CIF once a new financial architecture becomes effective under the UNFCCC regime. The implementation of the CIF ‘sunset clause’ has been suspended repeatedly and in 2019 indefinitely. Until such time, donors and recipients operate under the existing framework.|
|Objectives||The PPCR is designed to provide programmatic finance for climate resilient national development plans with four main objectives:
In addition, for regional programmes, the PPCR aims to strengthen cooperation and capacity at the regional level to integrate climate resilience into national and appropriate regional development planning and processes.
PPCR’s tangible targets for the 18 pilot countries and three regional programmes it currently supports include:
|Financial inputs and fund size||As of November 2020, PPCR’s fund capital amounts to USD 1.1 billion.
The contributor countries are: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Germany, Spain, Japan, United Kingdom and United States.
The application of all CIF finance (concessional loans, grants, and guarantees through the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)) can be classed as ODA by MDBs if:
|Activities Supported||The activities supported by the PPCR include:
Activities supported by the PPCR include programmes within the following sectors:
|Secretariat or Administrative Unit||The CIF Administrative Unit (AU) supports the work of the Strategic Climate Fund Trust Fund Committee and other committees, including the PPCR Sub-Committee. It provides recommendations and reporting on operational and financial matters to the CIF governing bodies.
AU is housed in the World Bank Group’s Washington DC offices and is comprised of a small professional and administrative staff.
|Trustee||The World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) acts as Trustee for all Climate Investment Funds, including the PPCR.|
Fund Finance and Access Modalities
|Conditions and Eligibility Requirements||Country access requirements:
Priority is given to highly vulnerable Least Developed Countries eligible for MDB concessional funds, including the Small Island Developing States.
|Accessing the Fund||
|Safeguards, Gender and Indigenous Peoples||
|Decision Making Structure||PPCR is part of the governance arrangements for the SCF, which includes a SCF Trust Fund Committee, a PPCR Sub-Committee, and an MDB Committee.
SCF Trust Fund Committee
The list of actual SCF Trust Fund Committee members is available at: https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif_enc
Decisions are made by consensus. Members serve for one-year terms and may be reappointed. No more than one member will represent the same country at any given time.
Responsibilities of the PPCR Sub-Committee:
The list of actual PPCR Sub-Committee members is available at: https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif_enc
The CIFs don’t have their own independent accountability mechanisms. As all CIF projects and programs are implemented by partner MDBs, the CIF rely on their established transparency accountability mechanisms. In addition, the CIF commission third party evaluations as part of their own ‘Evaluation and Learning Initiative’. A list of over 30 studies and activities can be found here.
An Independent Evaluation of the CIF experience was requested by the CIF Trust Fund Committees and completed in 2014. The evaluation was conducted by a consulting firm selected and supervised by a joint working group of the independent evaluation offices of five Multilateral Development Bank (MDBS): ADB, AfDB, EBRD, IDB, and the World Bank.
Among the findings are the following:
The CIF administrative unit has also been working with partner countries to understand their domestic frameworks for monitoring and evaluation. A strategic assessment of the environmental, social and gender impacts of the CIF was completed in 2010, and IUCN conducted a Gender Evaluation of the CIF in 2012. More recently, a report evaluating the engagement of women and gender-related groups in the CIF was released in 2020.
In addition, the toolkit is designed to help the MDBs, country project/programme teams and other stakeholders to provide consistent accurate data and information on the projected results and actual achievements of PPCR projects/programmes.
|Participation of Observers and Stakeholders||As part of the design process of the CIF, consultations took place with potential donors and recipients, the United Nations family, other multilateral development banks (MDBs), civil society organisations, and the private sector. The CIF were created on agreement from some 40 developing and industrialised countries.
The SCF Trust Fund Committee and the PPCR-SC encourages strong developing country participation.
Over time, the PPCR has made a growing investment in engaging stakeholders within recipient countries around the goals of the programme. Operating within CIF decision-making structure, the PPCR Sub-Committee includes an “equal representation of donor and recipient countries, consensus decision making, and active observer status for private sector, civil society, and Indigenous Peoples representatives.
The list of actual PPCR-SC observers is available at: https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif_enc
|Transparency and Information Disclosure||Pledges, deposits and funding decisions for the SCF and its subsidiary funds (PPCR, SREP and FIP) are reported to the SCF Trust Fund Committee in biannual trustee reports. Details on individual projects are made public and available at: https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/projects
|Other Issues Raised||The PPCR has been controversial as it established a parallel framework for delivering adaptation finance to and potentially drew some public funding support away from the adaptation funds under the UNFCCC such as the Special Climate Change Fund, Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Adaptation Fund, all of which are accessible to more developing countries than the PPCR’s pilot country approach which only serves a limited set of developing countries. It has also been controversial because it offers developing countries (concessional) loans for adaptation which many stakeholders feel is inappropriate as it adds to developing country debt, and is inconsistent with some understandings of adaptation finance as compensation for harm caused by the developing world under the polluter pays principles.|